No support for West Papuan ‘secession’ is not only said by majority world leaders since 1969, but also from East Timorese leader Jose Ramos Horta.
Wednesday, June 20, 2001 – 10:00
WELLINGTON — East Timorese leader Jose Ramos Horta, currently cabinet member for foreign affairs, told Radio New Zealand International on June 7 that his country cannot support West Papua’s demand for independence from Indonesia. Horta said East Timor cannot support every secession claim in the region.
Source: Green Left
The name “West Papua” is used differently by separatist group and government of Indonesia. It sometimes creates confusion due to its political used.
West Papua (Indonesian: Papua Barat) is a province of Indonesia. It covers the two western peninsulas of the island of New Guinea, Bird’s Head Peninsula and Bomberai Peninsula, along with nearby islands. The province is bordered to the north by the Pacific Ocean, to the west by the Halmahera Sea and the Ceram Sea, to the south by the Banda Sea, and to the east by the province of Papua and the Cenderawasih Bay. Manokwari is the province’s capital, while Sorong is its largest city. West Papua is the second-least populous province in Indonesia, with a population of 760,422 according to the 2010 census by Statistics Indonesia; the latest official estimate (as at mid 2019) is 963,600.
Located on the western half of the island of New Guinea and long racked by a simmering violent separatist insurgency, West Papua and Papua encompasses Indonesia’s two easternmost provinces.
A former Dutch colony, West Papua was formally incorporated into Indonesia in 1969, after an undisputed vote of about 1,025 representative tribal leaders. The result of the plebiscite was overseen and endorsed by the United Nations.
Since the democratization in 1998, especially since 2007, democracy by mean of elections has been introduced to increase political participation in the two provinces. The fact that the leaders of Papua and West Papua provinces are democratically elected by the people has strengthened the legality of the region as a province of Indonesia.
No support for West Papuan ‘secession’ will continue till the end of the world.