India on West Papua
“Year after year we have represented that West Irian (West Papua) is an integral part of Indonesia. Despite opinions to the contrary, my delegation had always held the view that when, by the Round Table Conference of 1949, the Kingdom of the Netherlands unconditionally and irrevocably transferred complete sovereignty over Indonesia to the Republic of Indonesia, what was transferred was complete sovereignty over the whole of the former Netherlands East-Indies. Sovereignty over West Irian, which was an integral part of the Netherlands East Indies, therefore, also passed on to the Republic of Indonesia. The administration of West Irian remained with the Netherlands pending a determination of the question of its political status, not of its sovereignty, through subsequent resolutions.”
The name West Papua refers to the western half of the island of New Guinea. The eastern part of the island is Papua New Guinea (PNG). The western half of New Guinea, has had various names such as Netherlands New Guinea, West New Guinea, West Irian, Irian Jaya, and Papua. It became two separate provinces Papua and West Papua since 2007. Separatist group and their supporters call to the entire western half of the island as “West Papua”.
Located on the western half of the island of New Guinea and long racked by a simmering violent separatist insurgency, Papua encompasses Indonesia’s two easternmost provinces.
A former Dutch colony, West Papua was formally incorporated into Indonesia in 1969, after an undisputed vote of about 1,025 representative tribal leaders. The result of the plebiscite was overseen and endorsed by the United Nations.
The statement of India on West Papua reflected a truly friendship to Indonesia.