The Name West Papua

West Papua
Papua and West Papua Provinces of Indonesia

The name “West Papua” is used differently by separatist group and government of Indonesia. It sometimes creates confusion due to its political used.

The name refers to the western half of the island of New Guinea. The eastern part of the island is Papua New Guinea (PNG). The western half of New Guinea, has had various names such as Netherlands New Guinea, West New Guinea, West Irian, Irian Jaya, and Papua.

The region became two separate provinces Papua and West Papua since 2007. Separatist group and their supporters call to the entire western half of the island as “West Papua”.

Located on the western half of the island of New Guinea and long racked by a simmering violent separatist insurgency, Papua encompasses Indonesia’s two easternmost provinces.

A former Dutch colony, West Papua was formally incorporated into Indonesia in 1969, after an undisputed vote of about 1,025 representative tribal leaders. The result of the plebiscite was overseen and endorsed by the United Nations.

Since the democratization in 1998, especially since 2007, democracy by mean of elections has been introduced to increase political participation in the two provinces. The fact that the leaders of Papua and West Papua provinces are democratically elected by the people has strengthened the legality of the region as a province of Indonesia.

During the Abdurrahman Wahid administration in 2000, aside from changing the province name from “Irian Jaya” to “Papua”, Papua gained a “Special Autonomy” status, a political compromise between Papuans and the central government.

The political will of politicians in Jakarta to proceed with the implementation of the Special Autonomy was formalized in 2001 with the special autonomy law.

Special autonomy is part of democratic means to address aspiration of Papuan people. In late 2001, Indonesian government introduced a “special autonomy” bill for West Papua. The bill, which was drafted mostly by indigenous Papuans, passed the Indonesian parliament as Law No. 21 in November 2001.

About Free West Papua 586 Articles
This Blog has gone through many obstacles and attacks from violent Free West Papua separatist supporters and ultra nationalist Indonesian since 2007. However, it has remained throughout a time devouring thoughts of how to bring peace to Papua and West Papua provinces of Indonesia.

30 Trackbacks / Pingbacks

  1. West Papua extends COVID-19 emergency status by another month | Papua House
  2. The Name West Papua — West Papua – West Papua Post
  3. Defending Papua and West Papua from Separatism | West Papua
  4. Papuan Indonesian or Indonesian Papuan? | West Papua
  5. West Papua's Future in Peace, welfare and trust | West Papua
  6. July 1, 1971 was not West Papua Independence Day | West Papua
  7. Researchers call Papua must be free from poverty and injustice | Papua
  8. What actually happened in West Papua? | West Papua
  9. Young West Papua: Guardians of the Papua Forest | West Papua
  10. West Papua Indonesia: An Insider's Guide | West Papua
  11. West Papua history controversies | Indonesia | West Papua
  12. West Papua Free - Mirror Blog | West Papua | Papua | Indonesia
  13. Special autonomy status | West Papua | Papua | Papua community leaders
  14. Should West Papua remain part of Indonesia? | West Papua | Papua
  15. How Developed is West Papua Proper Now? | Driveways Lanarkshire
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  17. How Developed is West Papua Right Now? | Driveways Lanarkshire
  18. How Developed is West Papua Right Now? – Oeuvre by Martha Agan
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  21. Local weather Change and West Papua – Tierra y Libertad
  22. How Developed is West Papua Right Now? – Gliza : More Than Cosmetic
  23. Sail Raja Ampat 2014 | West Papua | Papua | Wonderful Indonesia
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  28. Elections during COVID pandemic | West Papua | Papua | COVID-19
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  30. Papua postcolonial territorial disputes | West Papua | Act of Free Choice

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